Ken Knowlton (images to his work here)

Physical Mosaics:

Other / Digital:

constructing domino portraits

Exerpt (Manifesto -2012)


“What the world needs is a massive consortium from science, math, social sciences, history, philosophy, religion, economics, business, politics – to devise downsizing schemes, justified by world systems simulations, leading to safeguards, stockpiles, backups, plans-B, austerity triages, etc. The effort would need to be vastly multi-disciplinary and international. It’s not likely to happen; without it we are implicitly saying full-steam-ahead to chaotic, choking disaster. Here’s a wry suggestion: that we scientists and other thinkers form an SSSSSSSSSSSS which, by strained back-formation, might stand for Strategists for a Slower Slide down the Slippery Slope to Softer Settling into a Sane, Stable, Secure, Sustainable Society. Not very likely, of course, but wouldn’t it be wonderful if a pandemic of intellectual and emotional sanity swept the world, leaving people infected with care, not about their gardens of ambition and entitlement, but about the future of humanity.”

–– Ken Knowlton Budd Lake NJ 2012

Education (Scientific)

Talks & Interviews


Poem Field Poem Field is the name of a series of 8 computer-generated animations by Stan Vanderbeek and Ken Knowlton in 1964-1967.[1] The animations were programmed in a language called Beflix (short for “Bell Flicks”), which was developed by Knowlton


A Computer Technique for the Production of Animated Movies, 1963


Art work

Dominoportrait of Chalie Chaplin

Nude, 1967

Details of Nude

Poem Field No. 1 (1967)

interview with ken knowlton


Les Cashiers Sesa No. 5 (art magazine), 1973


Beflix Programming Language

“The programming environment targeted by BEFLIX consisted of a FORTRAN II implementation with FORTRAN II Assembly Program (FAP) macros.”

Nutthawut Suradejchai Typewriter/Graphic Artist. Using typewriter to draw / paint a picture

Vik Muniz

The machine, as seen at the end of the mechanical age, MoMa catalog


( Note: ACM has granted free access to their digital library until June 30, 2020 )

MINI-EXPLOR: a FORTRAN-coded version of the EXPLOR language for mini (and larger) computers ACM SIGGRAPH Computer Graphics, Volume 9, Issue 3September 1975, pp 31–42

A report on the use of FORTRAN-coded EXPLOR for the teaching of computer graphics and computer art Proceedings of the symposium on Two-dimensional man-machine communicationOctober 1972, pp 103–112

Knowlton’s MINI-EXPLORE re-implemented for GNU Fortran.